Cultural Resources services

Goshawk’s cultural resources team specializes in archeological and historical survey to ensure our clients’ projects are compliant with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and the Antiquities Code of Texas, in addition to local and state policies and regulations.  


Did you know? Goshawk has delivered over 600 cultural resource survey reports to the Texas Historical Commission and over 150 cultural resource survey reports to the New Mexico Historical Preservation Division since 2012. This commitment and familiarity develops great working relationships.


Core Capabilities:

  • Cultural Resources Management and Planning
  • Archeological Background Studies and Research Design
  • Regulatory Coordination and Permitting Assistance
  • Section 106 Federal, State, and Local Agency Coordination
  • Archeological Surveys, Testing, and Data Recovery
  • Tribal Consultation
  • Courthouse Records and Genealogical Research

Cultural Resources Management and Planning

Our team specializes in pre-fieldwork planning.  We utilize our GIS team’s capabilities to provide state-of-the-art resource maps and information.  Our team strives to broaden their skills in this area and can interpret reference materials in the field or at their desks.  

Archeological Background Studies and Research Design

As part of project planning, our team conducts research to identify known sensitive cultural resources in the vicinity of projects and familiarize ourselves with local history.  We then use GIS data and other reference materials to determine which portion(s) of a proposed project is most likely to contain significant cultural sites.  Goshawk maximizes information retrieval and minimizes project fees by developing plans that focus the greatest effort on high-probability areas while supplying the experience and data to defend those suppositions.

Regulatory Coordination and Permitting Assistance

It can be confusing to navigate the web of cultural resource regulations.  Goshawk works closely with our clients to rapidly determine which federal, state, or local regulatory agency(s), if any, has jurisdiction over a project.  Our team then begins coordinating with the applicable agency(s) to identify project-specific concerns.  Work progresses through archival research, development of a “scope of work,” Texas Antiquities Committee permitting (if applicable), commencement of fieldwork, and completion of a report of findings suitable for review by the chief regulatory agency.  

Section 106 Federal, State, and Local Agency Coordination

Our staff is well-versed in the implementation and navigation of cultural resource regulations at all levels.  Goshawk works closely with State Historic Preservation Offices (SHPO) across the Southwest, as well as the US Army Corps of Engineers, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and others to assist our clients in meeting their compliance needs. 

Archeological Surveys, Testing, and Data Recovery

Goshawk’s cultural resources team has decades of experience conducting Phase I, II, and III archeological investigations.  These projects range from small pedestrian surveys to complex data recovery excavations.  Our team also has extensive training and knowledge regarding historic and prehistoric cultural materials.  So, whether a project results in the identification of a prehistoric tool or the exhumation of human remains, our staff is equipped with the skills to complete the task at hand.  No matter the type of site, we go to great measures to preserve significant cultural resources while helping our clients' projects move forward in a timely manner.


Did you know? Not all identified cultural resources are considered "significant," and therefore worthy of protection. According to the NRHP, significant sites must:

a.) be associated with significant historical events;

b.) be associated with the lives of significant historical persons;

c.) embody distinctive characteristics of a period of construction, be the work of a master, possess high artistic value, represent a significant and discernible group of items that may individually lack distinction; or

d.) have yielded, or be likely to yield information important in prehistory or history.


Tribal Consultation

Projects on federally-recognized tribal lands or on property owned by the federal government (or a subdivision of the state government) require consultation with interested Native American tribes.  The head regulatory agency involved in the project is primarily responsible for tribal consultation; however, Goshawk helps clients identify interested tribal groups, determine project constraints, initiate tribal notification, and coordinate with tribal leaders.  Goshawk advocates for respectful treatment of Native American lands and significant spiritual sites through effective communication and thoughtful project design.

Courthouse Records and Genealogical Research

Goshawk regularly researches historic properties associated with our clients’ projects.  We consult various archives and local genealogical repositories for a greater understanding of the historic landscape and the site's National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) or State Antiquities Landmarks (SAL) eligibility.  Interviewing local historians for significant stories and facts is often our favorite part of the project.  These resources save our clients money and time because our team uses them to concentrate on specific areas of the project.